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Common Tread

American-style board-track racing experiences a revival in Europe

Nov 25, 2014

The rider races around a short, steeply banked track on a skinny, antique motorcycle with no brakes. He wears a leather helmet for "protection," should he crash at 80 mph.

No, you have not been transported back to the pinnacle of motorcycle racing in the United States of the 1920s. This is today, and not even in the Americas, but in Europe. That’s where we find an unexpected revival of the popular, dangerous and otherwise extinct sport known as board-track racing.

When the board tracks ruled

The era of the board tracks was probably the most exciting and most dangerous chapter in the history of motorcycle racing.

board-track racing
A board-track race from the early 20th century. Harley-Davidson archives photo.

Based on the bicycle velodromes of Europe, the first board track, or motordrome, was built in Los Angeles around 1910. It was a one-mile oval track built entirely out of wood, including the track surface, which was created using abutted two-by-four lumber with the two-inch side facing up. Racers quickly adapted their bikes to meet the specific challenges of the board tracks, developing a new breed of racing machines that could reach speeds in excess of 100 mph, had neither front nor rear brakes, and no transmissions. The only means of slowing down the motorcycles was cutting off the engine with a handlebar-mounted kill switch.

This resulted in some pretty spectacular racing and also a lot of crashes. In the event of an accident, one of two things often occurred. Either the rider was thrown from his motorcycle onto the track, which at the least resulted in a massive amount of wooden splinters from the untreated wood, or the motorcycle and rider were launched off the track into the spectators. This second type of crash resulted in the tracks getting the nickname “murderdromes,” as these crashes often resulted in death for both the rider and spectators.

These dangers, along with financial pressures brought on by the Great Depression, ultimately brought the board-track era to an end in the late 1920s.

modern-day board track race
Start of the race at Darmstadt. The "Big Three" are all in attendance: Harley-Davidson, Indian and Excelsior. Photo by Stefan Bund

A European board-track revival

Now fast forward about 70 years and travel across the ocean to Germany. The Hockenheimring Formula One track was putting on its annual vintage motorcycle races, called the Hockenheim Classic. Two of the participants at that event were Thomas Bund and Andreas Wehrmann. Andreas was on a 1926 Rudge 500cc single and Thomas was riding an Excelsior Super X board track racer. The two met in the pits and it soon became clear that they shared a love for racing on banked tracks like the English track at Brooklands or the French track at Montlhery. Both are modern asphalt or concrete tracks, but share design features with the historic U.S. board tracks.

Andreas Wehrmann and Thomas Bund
Andreas Wehrmann on his 1918 Harley-Davidson and Thomas Bund on his Excelsior Super X. Photo by Stefan Bund.
Andreas and Thomas stayed in touch after the Hockenheim Classic, and two years later they met up at the Montlhery track for the Coupes Moto Legende event. This time they were joined by Thomas’ brother, who was riding a 74-cubic-inch Harley-Davidson JD. These meetings continued, increasing to three to five times per year and slowly more board-track riders began to join them.

They also started receiving invitations to run their motorcycles at various bicycle velodromes around Europe, which is about as close as you can get today to the original board tracks from the 1920s. Although most of these velodromes are concrete, there is an all-wood track in Hannover that really harkens back to the days of the first motordromes. The velodromes are short tracks (333 meters) with highly banked curves of about 49 degrees, so they are designed with high speeds in mind.

333-meter velodrome
The 333-meter velodrome in Bielefeld, Germany. Photo by Stefan Bund.

Vintage gear, rare race bikes

As more racers got involved, the races became a regular event at vintage racing events and invitation-only races, with a dozen to 20 riders participating. Riders strive for authenticity, both in the gear they wear and the machines they ride.

Thomas Bund
Thomas Bund riding his Excelsior Super X at Hannover. Photo by Jörg Pielman.
Personally, if I was riding a motorcycle with no brakes at speeds over 80 mph, I would be in full racing leathers and wearing the best helmet money can buy, but these guys insist on wearing the same style gear as was worn in the 1920s. Andreas claims the minimal leather helmet and lighter clothing lets him feel the vibrations of the engine and hear the speed of the motor, so he knows exactly how the engine is operating and can shut it down before a serious problem arises that could cause it to lock up. Still, a leather helmet and racing sweater don’t seem like quite enough protection for me. Luckily, no one has been injured.

Building an authentic race bike is no easy task, either. The majority of the original race bikes were wrecked or lost by the end of the board-track era, so many of the machines being ridden today are made up of aftermarket parts built around an original engine. For example, Andreas has built a 1918 Harley-Davidson using an original 61-cubic-inch F-head motor that is mounted in a replica Keystone frame. The Keystone frame is a noteworthy early racing innovation that Harley first used in 1916. It was built by removing the bottom section of a loop frame and bolting the engine into that space with plates, making the engine a structural member. This new design lowered the overall center of gravity of the motorcycle, which dramatically improved handling.

F-head engine, Keystone frame
An F-head Harley-Davidson motor mounted in a Keystone frame. Photo by Murderdrome Cycles.

push start
Andreas Wehrmann getting a push start at the board track in Hannover. Photo by Murderdrome Cycles.
Andreas’ engine has been modified just like a race bike from 1918, with port and polish work and a 1.75-inch Schebler carburetor. True to the original board-track racers, it also has no brakes, no clutch and no transmission. No transmission also means there is no way to kickstart the motorcycle, so it has to be push started at the beginning of the race.

Other bikes that regularly participate include a 1925 45-cubic-inch Excelsior Super X, a 1916 Harley-Davidson with an eight-valve V-twin, an original 1917 Harley-Davidson in a loop frame, a 1913 61-cubic-inch Indian, and an original 1913 500cc Rudge. All of these bikes are extremely rare, and some of the original machines approach six figures in value. You usually only see them in museums, not on a race track, where they belong!

Andreas Wehrman tries to hold his lead as he is drafted by another rider on a Rudge. Photo by Stefan Bund.

Now, you can see them on track, if you go to Europe to witness the board-track revival. Might as well start checking Travelocity for flights. The flight may not be cheap, but it’s more accessible than time travel back to the 1920s. Plus after the races, I hear there are a few other things worth seeing in Europe that, surprisingly, have nothing to do with motorcycles.